LUNG INFECTION

Lung Diseases Services

The presence of certain diseases of the lung, notably chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is associated with an increased risk (four- to sixfold the risk of a nonsmoker) for the development of lung cancer even after the effects of concomitant cigarette smoking are excluded.

What is Lung Fibrosis (Interstitial Lung Disease-ILD) ?

This disease comes under the broad heading called ” Diffuse Pulmonary ILD” (DPILD), meaning affecting many parts of the lung. It is a disease of interstitial tissue in the lung ( between air sacs and bronchial tubes), causing progressive breathlessness over the years with dry cough. If not detected early, it will lead to chronic interstitial scarring, thickening, and holes in the lung (called ‘honeycombing’) that is irreversible. There are several causes for this disease. It includes a variety of Connective tissue disorder, Sarcoidosis, Chronic Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, and Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF).

IPF usually affects older people, which is progressive and fatal with no definitive cure so for. IPF can be diagnosed solely based on HRCT(High-Resolution CT scan) of the chest alone. ILD patients, if not diagnosed early, will end up using continuous oxygen and may require lung transplantation.