THYROID

Thyroid Services

Thyroid disease is a type of thyroid gland disorder. The Thyroid in the front of your neck is a small butterfly-shaped gland that makes thyroid hormones. Thyroid has essential roles in controlling various processes of metabolism throughout the body. The thyroid hormone controls your metabolism in many ways, including how quickly you consume calories, and how fast your heartbeats. Too much of the thyroid hormone leads to a condition called Hyperthyroidism. Insufficient development of hormones contributes to Hypothyroidism. Although the symptoms may be unpleasant or painful, it should be correctly diagnosed and treated; most thyroid problems can be managed well.

Thyroid Services in Pune

Types of Thyroid

There are a few types of thyroid disorder:

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Goiter
  • Thyroid nodules
  • Thyroid cancer

HypothyroidismHypothyroidism occurs when the body does not produce enough thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones regulate the metabolism of the body or how energy is absorbed. Most functions of the body slow down when the thyroxine levels are low.

Thyroid symptoms of Hypothyroidism: 

  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Weight gain
  • Dry skin
  • Slow heart rate
  • Constipation
  • Feeling cold when other people do not
  • Depressed mood

Hyperthyroidism: Hyperthyroidism is responsive to both Tetraiodothyronine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3). Doctors are using anti-thyroid and radioactive iodine drugs to suppress thyroid hormone development.

Thyroid disease is a type of thyroid gland disorder. The Thyroid in the front of your neck is a small butterfly-shaped gland that makes thyroid hormones. Thyroid has essential roles in controlling various processes of metabolism throughout the body. The thyroid hormone controls your metabolism in many ways, including how quickly you consume calories, and how fast your heartbeats. Too much of the thyroid hormone leads to a condition called Hyperthyroidism. Insufficient development of hormones contributes to Hypothyroidism. Although the symptoms may be unpleasant or painful, it should be correctly diagnosed and treated; most thyroid problems can be managed well.

Thyroid symptoms of Hypothyroidism: –

  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Weight gain
  • Dry skin
  • Slow heart rate
  • Constipation
  • Feeling cold when other people do not
  • Depressed mood

Hyperthyroidism:-Hyperthyroidism is responsive to both Tetraiodothyronine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3). Doctors are using anti-thyroid and radioactive iodine drugs to suppress thyroid hormone development.

Thyroid symptoms of Hyperthyroidism: –

  • Poor concentration
  • Eating more than usual
  • Skin thinning
  • Muscle weakness
  • Fewer
  • Sweating
  • Trouble sleeping

Goiter: –An enlarged thyroid gland Is called as GOITER. The Thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland at the base of your spine, under the apple of Adam. The goiters are typically painless; a big goiter will cause cough and make swallowing or breathing difficult for you. One of Goiter’s most common reasons is due to the lack of iodine in the food. Where iodized salt is regular, the Goiter is more frequently triggered by the over- or under-production of thyroid hormones or by nodules in the gland.

 

Thyroid symptoms of Goiter: –

  • tightness, cough, and hoarseness
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Nervousness
  • Hair loss
  • Weight loss

 

Thyroid nodules:- The word “thyroid nodule” refers to any unusual growth in the thyroid gland that forms a lump. These thyroid nodules may be cancerous to some people. Buds of the Thyroid may be tissue stable or blood-filled or other fluids. On either side of the windpipe, two wings or lobes are joined together by a tissue path called the isthmus that crosses the front of the throat. Many thyroid nodules are slow to grow and are likely to be small if detected by the doctor. Aggressive thyroid cancers with large, sturdy, set, and rapidly increasing nodules are uncommon.

 

Thyroid symptoms of Thyroid nodules:-

  • Trouble swallowing
  • Anxiety
  • Tremor
  • Vocal changes
  • Nervousness, hyperactivity
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat

 

Thyroid cancer:- Thyroid cancer is a disease that causes the formation of malignant (cancer) cells in the thyroid gland’s tissue. When the cells change or mutate, thyroid cancer can be developed. The abnormal cells in your Thyroid tend to replicate and, if necessary, establish a tumor. Swelling or lump in the neck are signs of thyroid cancer. Thyroid cancer does not at first cause discomfort, but it may cause pain and swelling in the neck as it progresses. It also releases hormones that control many of the body’s activities, including the way you use water, the way you produce heat, and oxygen.

 

Thyroid symptoms of Thyroid cancer:-

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Cough
  • localized pain,
  • Lump in your neck
  • Changes to your voice, including increasing hoarseness

 

Thyroid Test:-

  • Calcitonin
  • Thyroglobulin
  • T4: Free T4 or free thyroxine
  • Thyroid antibodies

 

Thyroid Treatment:-

  • Thyroid surgery
  • Thyroid hormone pills
  • External radiation

If you are suffering from Thyroid, visit us at the Ashraya Hospital, where our General physicians provide the best treatment for Thyroid in the Pune area.